GN Ethiopia

GN Ethiopia

Introduction of Ethiopia and GNE project sites

 

Ethiopia, forming a part of the horn of Africa and covering a total land area of 1.14 million square kilometers stands as the fourth largest country in Sub-Saharan Africa. After the separation of the Northern part of Ethiopia namely Eretria, Ethiopia became a land-locked country located just north of the Equator.

 

The total population of Ethiopia is 74 Million for the year 2007. In 2011, the population is estimated approximately 80 million.  Therefore, Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Sub-Saharan Africa with a population growth rate of 2.92 % per annum.

 

With the overall density of 45 people per square kilometers, (UNESCO, 1993) Ethiopia is heavily settled at a national level. However, there is a wide variation in population distribution among the eleven regions of the country. The highest population (about 35%) of the total population inhabited Oromiya Region while the lowest population (0.25%) is Harare. Moreover, Ethiopia is predominately a rural country, the urban population reportedly to cover less than 15% of the total population and it has nine regional states.

 

The economy of the country is based on agriculture even though the agricultural technique is outdated. The traditional and rain fed agricultural production covers 85% of the total export trade. Since much of the land area under cultivation is exhausted due to centuries of the cropping along with economic and technological backwardness, the country per capita income is only USD 100 making the country one of the countries with the lowest standard of living in the world.

 

Similarly, the people living around our projects in Addis Ababa are over populated living in poorly constructed houses in the slum areas.  Most of the poor community members live in fallen apart houses and some in plastic shade houses. There are very limited health institutions as well as schools being unable to accommodate the ever growing large number of children striving for education. GNE’s newest project site Gulele (suburb town of Addis Ababa) is evidence of all these problems.  

 

In our project area, the roads are rough and the sewage system is very poor, making sanitation issue a high concern of the community. People dump dirty, unhealthy water into the ditches and contaminated water from community toilets make it difficult for the poor community and the children to have a clean and healthy lifestyle.

 

 

<Map of the country and project sites attached on the last page>

 

 

Project outcome of year 2010

 

Character of the beneficiaries

 

Most of the beneficiaries are children age between 2-18 and the educational status is from the level of Kindergarten up to the university level. There are also youth and adult beneficiaries involved in poultry farm, dry food preparation, computer training, tailoring project activities and sheep rearing. Almost all of the beneficiaries are the poorest dwellers and farmers. The children are mostly orphans, semi orphans and poorest members of the community. 

 

There are some changes in the year 2010 with GNE beneficiaries. The number of projects have increased from three to five (including Gulele which is planning to provide direct service from early 2011). The life of the community in both the urban and rural areas, where GNE is working, are changing and most of our beneficiaries welcome the changes of increasing income, improvement of education and living environment with the GNE programs. The Ethiopian government bodies are highly expressing their feelings with great joy that Good Neighbor Ethiopia is doing well with our community and said they haven’t seen such an NGO which really supports our community with earnest efforts.   

 

Hettossa’s income generation program: Sheep rearing

One of our projects in Hettossa, there are 102 parents of sponsored children who are members of our sheep rearing program. Hettossa area is known as one of the poorest regions with very dry weather repeatedly affected by drought. The beneficiaries took some seed money from GNE-Hettossa office and used the money to buy two to three sheep for each family.  Now the number of sheep reached to ten to fourteen for each family. With this income generation activity, our beneficiaries’ life has improved a lot and GN Hettossa is planning to upgrade this project to the cattle breeding in year 2011. 

 

LFD’s kindergarten program

 

Kindergarten program is one of mostly useful for the community because such a program has not been run by the government. Until now, such programs are run by private owners or NGOs just like our organization GNE.

Because of the poverty condition the poor could not afford to pay high private tuition fee and LFD (Lideta Family Development site) has made an extraordinary achievement providing poor children with an education not only free of charge but also providing free lunch to them.  

 

The number of elementary school children increased by 57% as a result of KG students joining the elementary schools and emphasis is given to elementary school students. Similarly the number of vocational school increased by 54% because of the support and assistances made during 2010.

 

The achievements in the Lideta area is that the number of college level students increased almost by 400% because of follow up and continuous assistance made by GNE. During 2009, there was one student who joined the University but in the year 2010 there are a total of five students that joined the University.

 

 

LFD’s income generation program: Poultry farm

 

The objective of the program is to financially support poor parents of the sponsored children to generate more income.  LFD project designed this urban income generation activity forming a union consisting 25 members with a capital of 98,500 Birr which is equivalent to USD 601.

It took the union 3 months to raise chickens to harvest eggs. Now they are able to collect over 150 eggs earning 195 Birr which is around USD 12 per day. The income seems to be fairly good as an outcome but unfortunately the program faces unexpected problems such as high feed cost, increasing housing rental and other additional costs due to the bad world economic situation.

 

LFD’s income generation program: Dry food

 

This is an activity started during 2010 as a plan to financially support poor families; especially the women.  The program started with a capital of 22,953 Birr which is nearly USD 1404.  Similar to the poultry farm, the dry food project was designed to support the poor beneficiaries.

At the moment they have saved an amount of 11493.90 Birr which is nearly USD 702 in their bank accounts. One of the critical problems they face however is having a space to sale their products as well as transportation to easily access the market. GN Lideta is trying to make better promotion of the program and have a market assessment to enable them to gain more profit.

 

 

 

Yeka’s computer training

 

Community members, especially the youth, need more practice with computers because of the high demand of computer skills to be hired. During the last quarter of 2010, GN Yeka got an opportunity to build a computer centre with the generous support from a Korean company. This centre will benefit not only our sponsored children but a large number of community youth and adults who cannot afford the high cost of private computer institute.

 

LFD and Hettossa: Library users  

 

The number of Library users in the LFD project compound and in Hettossa increased compared to the previous year because of increase in quality and quantity of the books as well as appropriate reading hours being introduced. We hired extra local volunteers to extend our service program. The number of libraries in our field country increased from one to two (LFD and Hettossa CDPs).

 

Sidama: Community Development Committee (CDC) Formation

 

There was no CDC committee in 2009 but formal committee member formation started in 2010 calling up the beneficiaries and beneficiary parents on the board. We now have 15 CDC members in LFD, 38 in Hettossa, 38 in Sidama and 7 in Yeka. This enables us to make the project more participatory based on PAP (Participatory appraisal Process).

The outcome here could be pointed out as a good stride to make objectives clear as well as make clear the vision of the organization enabling them to understand what achievements have been achieved so far and what is expected from the community in reducing poverty.

 

Staff condition

There is progress of GNE staff, particularly on the outlook of project activities, transparency and accountability concepts as far as development is concerned in all our projects.

We have had progressive quarterly meetings and internal staff training which was not in place for the past year. In the meetings, GNE staff could discuss issues and concerns to the project community and share information to learn good lessons from each different family site.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thank you message with 2011 plan

 

Endeminachu !!! Dehna Nachihu?

(Hello sponsors, how are you?)

 

Thank you for your support and assistance for the past 14 years to GN Ethiopia. With your generous support, we could make good progress on improving life of Ethiopian children and community members.

 

Enameseginalen!!!! (Thank you)

 

Without your help, many Ethiopian children would not be able to attend schools and many of them would have been left on the street without any educational, economical and cultural support.

 

In 2011, GNE staff will work harder to make our activities more effective to reduce poverty and improve the lives of children and community members. Among five project sites (Lideta, Yeka, Gulele, Hettossa, and Sidama) only Lideta project site had a library and computer centre. In 2011 the four other sites will have its own library and computer centre to provide better educational and cultural services to children and the community.

 

Also GNE is planning to expand its income generation activities (IGAs) in all five project sites. Poultry farm, dry food preparation, and sewing machine class in Lideta and live stock and sheep breeding programs in Hettossa have made good impact in the community helping many poor families. We will keep monitoring the progress and transfer these programs to other project sites. Yeka and Sidama are planning to start IGA micro credit in 2011.

 

With your generous support, GNE could provide school fee, uniform, learning materials, feeding and medical care to those children in extreme living condition. Improving life of children has been always the centre of our mission. Keeping in mind of the mission, GNE will try to make the community environment better for a more sustainable and safer development of children.

 

We expect a brighter hope whereby our people strive to struggle to alleviate poverty by way of engaging in development and self-help initiative.

 

Dehna Hunu

(Good-bye)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Map of the Country and project sites

 

 

 

 

       
   
     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hettossa CDP

 

Sidama CDP

 

Yeka CDP

 

Gulele CDP